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<a href="#getting-started" class="md-nav__link">
Getting started
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<a href="#hutn-syntax" class="md-nav__link">
HUTN Syntax
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<a href="#containment-references" class="md-nav__link">
Containment references
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Non-containment references
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Cross-model references
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Shortcuts
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Generating a model from HUTN
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Additional resources
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<h1 id="using-the-human-usable-textual-notation-hutn-in-epsilon">Using the Human-Usable Textual Notation (HUTN) in Epsilon<a class="headerlink" href="#using-the-human-usable-textual-notation-hutn-in-epsilon" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h1>
<p>In this article we demonstrate how you can use a textual notation to create models using the Human-Usable Textual Notation (HUTN) implementation provided by Epsilon. Please note that, currently, HUTN works only with EMF, and cannot be used to create models for other modelling technologies, such as MDR or plain XML.</p>
<h2 id="getting-started">Getting started<a class="headerlink" href="#getting-started" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h2>
<p>To create a model with HUTN, we first need to define our metamodel. In this example, we'll use the Families metamodel shown below:</p>
<p><img alt="" src="families.png" /></p>
<p>Once we have created your metamodel and registered it with Epsilon, we create a new HUTN document by clicking <strong>File→New→Other...</strong> and selecting <strong>HUTN File</strong>. The metamodel nsuri field should contain the namespace URI of our metamodel: families</p>
<p><img alt="" src="create.png" /></p>
<p>Epsilon will initialise a HUTN file for our metamodel (as shown below). We can now specify and then generate our model.</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>@Spec {
metamodel &quot;families&quot; {
nsUri: &quot;families&quot;
}
}
families {
// Place your model element specifications here
}
</code></pre></div>
<h2 id="hutn-syntax">HUTN Syntax<a class="headerlink" href="#hutn-syntax" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h2>
<p>We now briefly describe the HUTN syntax. We can specify an instance of Family using the following HUTN:</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>Family {
name: &quot;The Smiths&quot;
lotteryNumbers: 10, 24, 26, 32, 45, 49
}
</code></pre></div>
<p>Note that multi-valued features can be specified using a comma separated list.</p>
<h3 id="containment-references">Containment references<a class="headerlink" href="#containment-references" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h3>
<p>Containment references are specified by nesting model element definitions. For example, the following HUTN specifies two members, John and Jane of the Smiths:</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>Family {
name: &quot;The Smiths&quot;
lotteryNumbers: 10, 24, 26, 32, 45, 49
members: Person {
name: &quot;John Smith&quot;
}, Person {
name: &quot;Jane Smith&quot;
}
}
</code></pre></div>
<h3 id="non-containment-references">Non-containment references<a class="headerlink" href="#non-containment-references" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h3>
<p>Non-containment references are specified using a HUTN identifier, which is the string appearing in double-quotes as part of an object\'s declaraton. Below, the second Family has the identifier "bloggs." In the following HUTN, The first family references the second family, using the familyFriends reference:</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>Family {
familyFriends: Family &quot;bloggs&quot;
}
Family &quot;bloggs&quot; {}
</code></pre></div>
<h3 id="cross-model-references">Cross-model references<a class="headerlink" href="#cross-model-references" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h3>
<p>References to model elements stored in another file are using a URI fragment:</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>Family {
familyFriends: Family &quot;../families/AnotherNeighbourhood.model#/1/&quot;
familyFriends: Family &quot;../families/AnotherNeighbourhood.model#_swAAYJX5Ed2TbbKclPHPaA&quot;
}
</code></pre></div>
<p>URI fragments can have either a relative (XPath-like) syntax, or use a unique identifier. For example, the first reference above uses a relative syntax to refer to the second (index of 1) Family in the AnotherNeighbourhood.model file. For more information on URI fragments, see the relevant section <a href="http://learning.infocollections.com/ebook%202/Computer/Programming/Java/Eclipse.Modeling.Framework/0131425420_ch13lev1sec2.html">here</a>.</p>
<h2 id="shortcuts">Shortcuts<a class="headerlink" href="#shortcuts" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h2>
<p>There are some syntactic shortcuts in HUTN, which we now demonstrate.</p>
<p>Objects do not have to specify a body, and can instead be terminated with a semi-colon:</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>Family {}
// is equivalent to:
Family;
</code></pre></div>
<p>Although boolean-valued attributes can be specified using true or false values, they can also be specified as a prefix on the model element definition:</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>Family {
nuclear: false
migrant: true
}
// is equivalent to:
~nuclear migrant Family;
</code></pre></div>
<p>Non-containment references can be specified using association blocks or even with an infix notation:</p>
<div class="codehilite"><pre><span></span><code>Family {
familyFriends: Family &quot;bloggs&quot;
}
Family &quot;bloggs&quot;;
// is equivalent to the following association block
Family &quot;smiths&quot;;
Family &quot;bloggs&quot;;
familyFriends {
&quot;smiths&quot; &quot;bloggs&quot;
// More familyFriends can be specified here
}
// is equivalent to the following infix notation:
Family &quot;smiths&quot;;
Family &quot;bloggs&quot;;
Family &quot;smiths&quot; familyFriends Family &quot;bloggs&quot;;
</code></pre></div>
<h2 id="generating-a-model-from-hutn">Generating a model from HUTN<a class="headerlink" href="#generating-a-model-from-hutn" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h2>
<p>When we have finished specifying our HUTN, we can generate a corresponding model. Right-click the HUTN document and select <strong>HUTN→Generate Model</strong>, as shown below</p>
<p><img alt="" src="generate.png" /></p>
<p>Epsilon can automatically generate a model whenever you change your HUTN file. Right-click your project and select <strong>HUTN→Enable HUTN Project Nature</strong>. This is illustrated in the following screenshot:</p>
<p><img alt="" src="nature.png" /></p>
<h2 id="additional-resources">Additional resources<a class="headerlink" href="#additional-resources" title="Permanent link">&para;</a></h2>
<ul>
<li><a href="http://www.omg.org/spec/HUTN/">http://www.omg.org/spec/HUTN/</a>: The OMG HUTN specification.</li>
<li><a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-87875-9_18">http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-87875-9_18</a>: Our MoDELS/UML 2008 paper on the HUTN implementation provided by Epsilon.</li>
</ul>
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