Camera ready submission
diff --git a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.bib b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.bib
index 952bf84..2bc99e7 100644
--- a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.bib
+++ b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.bib
@@ -5,43 +5,43 @@
 
 @InProceedings{Akehurst,
   author = {D.G.Akehurst and Z.Zschaler and W.G.J.Howells},
-  title = "OCL: Modularising the Language",
+  title = "{OCL}: Modularising the Language",
   booktitle = "Ocl4All: Modelling Systems with OCL",
   address = "Models 2007, Nashville"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{Baar,
   author = {Thomas Baar},
-  title = "On the Need of User-defined Libraries in OCL",
+  title = "On the Need of User-defined Libraries in {OCL}",
   booktitle = "OCL 2010: Workshop on OCL and Textual Modelling",
   address = "Models 2010, Oslo"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{Bridge,
   author = {David Akehurst and Octavian Patrascoiu},
-  title = "OCL 2.0 - Implementing the Standard for Multiple Metamodels",
-  booktitle = "OCL 2.0 - Industry standard or scientific playground?",
+  title = "{OCL} 2.0 - Implementing the Standard for Multiple Metamodels",
+  booktitle = "{OCL} 2.0 - Industry standard or scientific playground?",
   address = "UML 2003, San Francisco"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{Buttner,
   author = {Fabian B\"{u}ttner and Martin Gogolla and Lars Hamann and Mirco Kuhlmann},
-   title = "On Better Understanding OCL Collections or An OCL Ordered Set is not an OCL Set",
+   title = "On Better Understanding {OCL} Collections or An {OCL} Ordered Set is not an {OCL} Set",
    booktitle = "OCL 2009: Pragmatics of OCL and Other Textual Specification Languages ",
   address = "Models 2009, Denver"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{Chimiak-Opaka,
   author = {Joanna Chimiak-Opaka and Birgit Demuth},
-  title = "A Feature Model for an IDE4OCL",
+  title = "A Feature Model for an {IDE4OCL}",
   booktitle = "OCL 2010: Workshop on OCL and Textual Modelling",
   address = "Models 2010, Oslo"
 }
 
 @MANUAL{Dresden/JavaCG,
    author = {Claas Wilke},
-   title = "Java Code Generation for Dresden OCL2 for Eclipse",
-   edition = "Technische Universit´┐Żt Dresden, 2009",
+   title = "Java Code Generation for Dresden {OCL2} for Eclipse",
+   edition = "Technische Universitat Dresden, 2009",
    url = "http://www.eclipse.org/Xtext",
 }
 
@@ -74,20 +74,20 @@
 @MANUAL{MOFM2T,
    title = "MOF Model to Text Transformation Language",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = " v1.0, OMG Document Number: formal/2008-01-16",
+   edition = " v1.0, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2008-01-16",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/MOFM2T/1.0",
 }
 
 @MANUAL{MOF-2.4,
    title = "Meta Object Facility (MOF) Core Specification",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.4, OMG Document Number: formal/2010-12-08",
+   edition = "Version 2.4, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2010-12-08",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/MOF/2.4",
 }
 
 @InProceedings{MySQL4OCL,
   author = {Marina Egea and Carolina Dania and Manuel Clavel},
-   title = "MySQL4OCL: A Stored Procedure-Based MySQL Code Generator for OCL",
+   title = "MySQL4OCL: A Stored Procedure-Based MySQL Code Generator for {OCL}",
   booktitle = "OCL 2010: Workshop on OCL and Textual Modelling",
   address = "Models 2010, Oslo"
 }
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@
 @MANUAL{OCL-1.6,
    title = "Object Constraint Language",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 1.6, OMG Document Number: ad/2003-01-07",
+   edition = "Version 1.6, {OMG Document Number}: ad/2003-01-07",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/cgi-bin/doc?ad/03-01-07.pdf",
 }
 
@@ -103,53 +103,59 @@
 @MANUAL{OCL-2.0-draft,
    title = "Object Constraint Language",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.0 draft, OMG Document Number: ptc/03-10-14",
+   edition = "Version 2.0 draft, {OMG Document Number}: ptc/03-10-14",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/cgi-bin/doc?ptc/03-10-14",
 }
 
 @MANUAL{OCL-2.0,
    title = "Object Constraint Language",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.0, OMG Document Number: formal/06-05-01, 2006",
+   edition = "Version 2.0, {OMG Document Number}: formal/06-05-01, 2006",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/OCL/2.0",
 }
 
 @MANUAL{OCL-2.2,
    title = "Object Constraint Language",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.2, OMG Document Number: formal/2010-02-01",
+   edition = "Version 2.2, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2010-02-01",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/OCL/2.2",
 }
 
 @MANUAL{OCL-2.3,
    title = "Object Constraint Language",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.3, OMG Document Number: formal/2010-11-42",
+   edition = "Version 2.3, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2010-11-42",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/OCL/2.3",}
 
 @MANUAL{OCL-2.3.1,
    title = "Object Constraint Language",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.3.1, OMG Document Number: formal/2012-01-01",
+   edition = "Version 2.3.1, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2012-01-01",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/OCL/2.3.1",}
 
 @MANUAL{OCL-RFP,
    title = "Object Constraint Language version 2.0, Request for Proposals9",
-   edition = "Version 2.0 RFP, OMG Document Number: ad/2000-09-03",
+   edition = "Version 2.0 RFP, {OMG Document Number}: ad/2000-09-03",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/cgi-bin/doc?ad/2000-09-03",
 }
 
+@InProceedings{OCL-relocation,
+  author = {Gergely Mezei and Tiham\'{e}r Levendovszky and Hassan Charaf},
+   title = "Optimization Algorithms for {OCL} Constraint Evaluation in Visual Models",
+   booktitle = "Periodica Polytechnica 2007",
+}
+
 @InProceedings{OCL-stdlib,
   author = {Edward D. Willink},
-  title = "Modeling the OCL Standard Library",
+  title = "Modeling the {OCL} {Standard} {Library}",
   booktitle = "OCL 2011, International Workshop on OCL and Textual Modelling",
   address = "TOOLS 2011, Zurich"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{OCL-UML,
   author = {Edward D. Willink},
-  title = "Aligning OCL with UML",
+  title = "Aligning {OCL} with {UML}",
   booktitle = "OCL 2011, International Workshop on OCL and Textual Modelling",
   address = "TOOLS 2011, Zurich"
 }
@@ -161,14 +167,14 @@
 
 @InProceedings{Overload,
   author = {Fabian B\"{u}ttner and Martin Gogolla},
-   title = "On Generalization and Overriding in UML 2.0",
+   title = "On Generalization and Overriding in {OCL} 2.0",
    booktitle = "Modeling Languages and Applications",
   address = "UML 2004, Lisbon"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{Pivot,
   author = {Matthias Br\"{a}uer and Birgit Demuth},
-  title = "Model-Level Integration of the OCL Standard Library Using a Pivot Model with Generics Support",
+  title = "Model-Level Integration of the {OCL} Standard Library Using a Pivot Model with Generics Support",
   booktitle = "Ocl4All: Modelling Systems with OCL",
   address = "Models 2007, Nashville"
 }
@@ -176,35 +182,34 @@
 @MANUAL{QVT-1.0,
    title = "Query/View/Transformation Specification",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 1.0, OMG Document Number: formal/08-04-03, 2008",
+   edition = "Version 1.0, {OMG Document Number}: formal/08-04-03, 2008",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/QVT/1.0/"
 }
 
 @MANUAL{QVT-1.1,
    title = "Query/View/Transformation Specification",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 1.1, OMG Document Number: formal/2011-01-01, 2011",
+   edition = "Version 1.1, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2011-01-01, 2011",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/QVT/1.1/"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{QueryCode,
   author = {Florian Heidenreich and Christian Wende and Birgit Demuth},
-  title = "A Framework for Generating Query Language Code
-from OCL Invariants",
+  title = "A Framework for Generating Query Language Code from {OCL} Invariants",
   booktitle = "Ocl4All: Modelling Systems with OCL",
   address = "Models 2007, Nashville"
 }
 
 @InProceedings{Rath-Queries,
-  author = {Benedek Izsó and Zoltán Szatmári and István Ráth},
+  author = {Benedek Izs\"{o} and Zolt\'{a}n Szatm\'{a}ri and Istv\'{a}n R\'{a}th},
    title = "High performance model queries and their novel applications",
-  booktitle = "Third Biannual Workshop on Eclipse Open Source Software and OMG Open Specifications",
+  booktitle = "Third Biannual Workshop on Eclipse Open Source Software and {OMG} Open Specifications",
   address = "OMG quarterly meeting, Reston"
 }
 
 @inproceedings{rodion-models2009,
     author = {Rodion Moiseev and Shinpei Hayashi and Motoshi Saeki},
-    title = {Generating Assertion Code from OCL: A Transformational Approach Based on Similarities of Implementation Languages},
+    title = {Generating Assertion Code from {OCL}: A Transformational Approach Based on Similarities of Implementation Languages},
     booktitle = {Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE 12th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems (MODELS 2009)},
     pages = {650--664},
     year = 2009,
@@ -212,7 +217,7 @@
 }
 
 @book{Shidqie,
-   title = "Compilation of OCL into Java for the Eclipse OCL Implementation",
+   title = "Compilation of {OCL} into Java for the Eclipse {OCL} Implementation",
    author = "Ayatullah Jibran Shidqie",
    year = "2007"
    }
@@ -225,34 +230,34 @@
 @MANUAL{UML-2.0,
    title = "Unified Modeling Language, Infrastructure",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.03, OMG Document Number: formal/2005-07-05",
+   edition = "Version 2.03, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2005-07-05",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.0/",
 }
 
 @MANUAL{UML-2.4.1-Super,
-   title = "OMG Unified Modeling Language (OMG UML), Superstructure",
+   title = "{OMG} Unified Modeling Language (OMG UML), Superstructure",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.4.1, OMG Document Number: formal/2011-08-06",
+   edition = "Version 2.4.1, {OMG Document Number}: formal/2011-08-06",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/spec/UML/2.4.1/",
 }
 
 @InProceedings{UML-inconsistent,
   author = {Claas Wilke and Birgit Demuth},
-   title = "UML is still inconsistent! How to improve OCL Constraints in the UML 2.3 Superstructure",
+   title = "{OCL} is still inconsistent! How to improve {OCL} Constraints in the {OCL} 2.3 Superstructure",
   booktitle = "OCL 2010: Workshop on OCL and Textual Modelling",
   address = "Models 2010, Oslo"
 }
 
 @MANUAL{UML-simple,
-   title = "UML Specification Simplification Request For Proposal",
+   title = "{OCL} Specification Simplification Request For Proposal",
    organization = "Object Management Group",
-   edition = "Version 2.03, OMG Document Number: ad/2009-12-10",
+   edition = "Version 2.03, {OMG Document Number}: ad/2009-12-10",
    url = "http://www.omg.org/cgi-bin/doc?ad/2009-12-10",
 }
 
 @InProceedings{Variability,
   author = {Claas Wilke and Michael Thiele and Christian Wende},
-   title = "Extending Variability for OCL Interpretation",
+   title = "Extending Variability for {OCL} Interpretation",
   booktitle = "OCL 2010: Workshop on OCL and Textual Modelling",
   address = "Models 2010, Oslo"
 }
diff --git a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.odg b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.odg
index adc0537..dbea6ff 100644
--- a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.odg
+++ b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.odg
Binary files differ
diff --git a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.pdf b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.pdf
index d94769b..4a0a8c2 100644
--- a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.pdf
+++ b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.pdf
Binary files differ
diff --git a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.png b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.png
index bf94474..e4dccf9 100644
--- a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.png
+++ b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.png
Binary files differ
diff --git a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.tex b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.tex
index 36580cf..310589b 100644
--- a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.tex
+++ b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/OCL2012OCLVM.tex
@@ -102,11 +102,11 @@
 %\keywords{ACM proceedings, \LaTeX, text tagging} % NOT required for Proceedings
 
 \section{Introduction}
-It is nearly 20 years since OCL first emerged at IBM as an evolution from Syntropy, and nearly 10 years since the OCL 2.0 specification was drafted\cite{OCL-2.0-draft}. OCL is critical to the specification of UML and since no clear alternative to UML or OCL has emerged,
-why is OCL uptake so limited?
+It is nearly 20 years since OCL first emerged at IBM as an evolution from Syntropy, and nearly 10 years since the OCL 2.0 specification was drafted\cite{OCL-2.0-draft}. OCL is critical to the specification of UML and since no clear alternative to UML or OCL has emerged, why is OCL uptake so limited?
 
-Perhaps we OCL enthusiasts need to be honest and look hard at why OCL doesn't work today, despite it's tremendous
-promise for the future and the many demonstrations of the power of its formality at research institutions.
+Perhaps OCL enthusiasts need to be honest and look hard at why OCL doesn't work today.
+Then it may be possible to realize the tremendous promise for the future and to exploit the many
+demonstrations of the power of OCL formality at research institutions.
 
 \subsection{Quality}
 
@@ -118,8 +118,8 @@
 
 Can we expect the wider software community to take OCL seriously when its most obvious exposition is so poor?
 
-The UML 2.5 specification is now `complete' and undergoing review. The specification is a major simplification
-reorganizing the previous layers of merge-able concepts in the Superstructure and Infrastructure specifications into
+The UML 2.5 specification is now `complete' and undergoing review. The specification is a major simplification. It
+reorganizes the previous layers of merge-able concepts in the Superstructure and Infrastructure specifications into
 a single specification of the merged concepts; this is a tremendous improvement and is supported by the use of
 model-driven auto-generation of the specification from normative models. With high quality models in place, attention has
 turned to the OCL embedded within them. Eclipse OCL\cite{MDT/OCL} tooling was used to remove 74 syntax errors and correct one or more semantic errors in 250 distinct text regions. Further errors were corrected as missing OCL constraints were added and Diagram Interchange introduced.
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@
 Attempting to use OCL in earnest encounters another credibility gap. OCL execution is often slow, despite the very favorable showing of Eclipse OCL in comparison with other technologies reported in Slide 11 of \cite{Rath-Queries}.
 
 In Eclipse OCL, this is because execution has used an interpreter; directly on Ecore for many years, and recently
-on a UML-aligned pivot representation. Table \ref{Evaluator performance} shows the relative performance using the simplest benchmark from \cite{Rath-Queries} for which the optimal Java code is just
+on a UML-aligned pivot representation. Table \ref{Evaluator performance} shows the relative performance using the simplest benchmark from \cite{Rath-Queries} for which the minimal Java code is just
 \begin{verbatim}        return this.feature <= 0\end{verbatim}
  evaluated on a set of 12800 model elements.
 A preliminary code generator was introduced in the Juno release and this gives a 3-fold
@@ -176,11 +176,11 @@
 \item Collections can be nested and can contain null values
 \item Null values may participate in computations and the OclVoid type conforms to all types
 \item Invalid values may participate in computations but may not be used in collections
-\item operations may be overloaded
-\item additional features may be added by a Complete OCL document
+\item Operations may be overloaded
+\item Additional features may be added by a Complete OCL document
 \item oclType() may be a gateway to reflective functionality
 \item allInstances() requires access to a global model view 
-\item the specification lacks precision in some critical areas
+\item The specification lacks precision in some critical areas
 \end{itemize}
 
 \section{OCL Virtual Machine}\label{VM now}
@@ -239,7 +239,7 @@
 Use of types as values is implicit in OCL expressions such as \verb|oclIsKindOf(SomeType)| but left rather vague in the specification. A practical system must recognize that types can be values and that their types can be templated. Thus a modeled
 library element declaration\cite{OCL-stdlib} might be:
 \begin{verbatim}
-operation oclAsType<TT>(type : Classifier<TT>) : TT
+operation oclAsType<TT>(type : Metaclass<TT>) : TT
 \end{verbatim}
 %This enables the type system to propagate the known argument type to the result.
 
@@ -395,6 +395,8 @@
 
 Moiseev\cite{rodion-models2009} takes a more progressive transformational approach realized as rewrites in Maude. This is clearly beneficial when supporting multiple target languages, unfortunately it ignores the awkward aspects of OCL.
 
+Mezei\cite{OCL-relocation} relocates and caches OCL evaluations to reduce navigation costs.
+
 Efficient code is one important aspect of OCL execution. Efficient scheduling is an equally important
 but largely orthogonal issue. 
 Cabot\cite{Constraint-Survey} provides a review of the disappointing scheduling
diff --git a/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/acm_proc_article-sp.cls b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/acm_proc_article-sp.cls
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..47d4ef1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/publications/OCL2012OCLVM/acm_proc_article-sp.cls
@@ -0,0 +1,1670 @@
+% ACM_PROC_ARTICLE-SP.CLS - VERSION 3.2SP
+% COMPATIBLE WITH THE "SIG-ALTERNATE" V2.4
+% Gerald Murray - April 22nd. 2009
+%
+% ---- Start of 'updates'  ----
+%
+% April 22nd. 2009 - Fixed 'Natbib' incompatibility problem - Gerry
+% April 22nd. 2009 - Fixed 'Babel' incompatibility problem - Gerry
+% April 22nd. 2009 - Inserted various bug-fixes and improvements - Gerry
+%
+% To produce Type 1 fonts in the document plus allow for 'normal LaTeX accenting' in the critical areas;
+% title, author block, section-heads, etc. etc. 
+% i.e. the whole purpose of this version update is to NOT resort to 'inelegant accent patches'.
+% After much research, three extra .sty packages were added to the the tail (ae, aecompl, aeguill) to solve,
+% in particular, the accenting problem(s). We _could_ ask authors (via instructions/sample file) to 'include' these in
+% the source .tex file - in the preamble - but if everything is already provided ('behind the scenes' - embedded IN the .cls)
+% then this is less work for authors and also makes everything appear 'vanilla'.
+% NOTE: all 'patchwork accenting" has been commented out (here) and is no longer 'used' in the sample .tex file (either).
+% Gerry June 2007
+%
+% Rule widths changed to .5, author count (>6) fixed, roll-back for Type 3 problem. Gerry March 20th. 2007
+% Changes made to 'modernize' the fontnames but esp. for MikTeX users V2.4/2.5 - Nov. 30th. 2006
+% Updated the \email definition to allow for its use inside of 'shared affiliations' - Nov. 30th. 2006
+% Fixed the 'section number depth value' - Nov. 30th. 2006
+%
+% Footnotes inside table cells using \minipage (Oct. 2002)
+% Georgia fixed bug in sub-sub-section numbering in paragraphs (July 29th. 2002)
+% JS/GM fix to vertical spacing before Proofs (July 30th. 2002)
+%
+% Allowance made to switch default fonts between those systems using
+% normal/modern font names and those using 'Type 1' or 'Truetype' fonts.
+% See LINE NUMBER 269 for details.
+% Also provided for enumerated/annotated Corollaries 'surrounded' by
+% enumerated Theorems (line 844).
+% Gerry November 11th. 1999
+%
+% This 'sp' version does NOT produce the permission block.
+%
+% Major change in January 2000 was to include a "blank line" in between
+% new paragraphs. This involved major changes to the, then, acmproc-sp.cls  1.0SP
+% file, precipitating a 'new' name: "acm_proc_article-sp.cls" V2.01SP.
+%
+% ---- End of 'updates' ----
+%
+\def\fileversion{V3.2SP}         % for ACM's tracking purposes
+\def\filedate{April 22, 2009}    % Gerry Murray's tracking data
+\def\docdate {Wednesday 22nd. April 2009} % Gerry Murray (with deltas to doc}
+\usepackage{epsfig}
+\usepackage{amssymb}
+\usepackage{amsmath}
+\usepackage{amsfonts}
+% Need this for accents in Arial/Helvetica
+%\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}  % Gerry March 12, 2007 - causes Type 3 problems (body text)
+%\usepackage{textcomp}
+%
+% ACM_PROC_ARTICLE-SP  DOCUMENT STYLE
+% G.K.M. Tobin August-October 1999
+%    adapted from ARTICLE document style by Ken Traub, Olin Shivers
+%    also using elements of esub2acm.cls
+% LATEST REVISION V3.2SP - APRIL 2009
+% ARTICLE DOCUMENT STYLE -- Released 16 March 1988
+%    for LaTeX version 2.09
+% Copyright (C) 1988 by Leslie Lamport
+%
+%
+%%% ACM_PROC_ARTICLE-SP is a document style for producing two-column camera-ready pages for
+%%% ACM conferences, according to ACM specifications.  The main features of
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+%%%
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+%%%     bottom of the first column for the ACM copyright notice.
+%%% 4)  Text is 9pt on 10pt baselines; titles (except main) are 9pt bold.
+%%%
+%%%
+%%% There are a few restrictions you must observe:
+%%%
+%%% 1)  You cannot change the font size; ACM wants you to use 9pt.
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+%%%     the proceedings will have a date on the front cover.
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+%%% Copyright Space:
+%%% This style automatically leaves 1" blank space at the bottom of page 1/
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+%%%
+%%% A typical usage looks like this:
+%%%     \toappear{To appear in the Ninth AES Conference on Medievil Lithuanian
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+%%% This will be included in the preprint, and left out of the conference
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+%%%
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+%%% Some dvi-ps converters heuristically allow chars to drift from their
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+%%% You may turn this hackery off via the -e option:
+%%%     dvips -e 0 foo.dvi >foo.ps
+%%%
+\typeout{Document Class 'acm_proc_article-sp' <22nd. April '09>.  Modified by G.K.M. Tobin}
+\typeout{Based in part upon document Style `acmconf' <22 May 89>. Hacked 4/91 by}
+\typeout{shivers@cs.cmu.edu, 4/93 by theobald@cs.mcgill.ca}
+\typeout{Excerpts were taken from (Journal Style) 'esub2acm.cls'.}
+\typeout{****** Bugs/comments/suggestions  to Gerry Murray -- murray@hq.acm.org ******}
+
+\oddsidemargin 4.5pc
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+                                % Top of page:
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+                                % box containing running head.
+\advance\topmargin by -1in      % Correct for LaTeX gratuitousness
+\headheight 0pt                 % Height of box containing running head.
+\headsep 0pt                    % Space between running head and text.
+                                % Bottom of page:
+\footskip 30pt                  % Distance from baseline of box containing foot
+                                % to baseline of last line of text.
+\@ifundefined{footheight}{\newdimen\footheight}{}% this is for LaTeX2e
+\footheight 12pt                % Height of box containing running foot.
+
+
+%% Must redefine the top margin so there's room for headers and
+%% page numbers if you are using the preprint option. Footers
+%% are OK as is. Olin.
+\advance\topmargin by -37pt     % Leave 37pt above text for headers
+\headheight 12pt                % Height of box containing running head.
+\headsep 25pt                   % Space between running head and text.
+
+\textheight 666pt       % 9 1/4 column height
+\textwidth 42pc         % Width of text line.
+                        % For two-column mode:
+\columnsep 2pc          %    Space between columns
+\columnseprule 0pt      %    Width of rule between columns.
+\hfuzz 1pt              % Allow some variation in column width, otherwise it's
+                        % too hard to typeset in narrow columns.
+
+\footnotesep 5.6pt      % Height of strut placed at the beginning of every
+                        % footnote =3D height of normal \footnotesize strut,
+                        % so no extra space between footnotes.
+
+\skip\footins 8.1pt plus 4pt minus 2pt  % Space between last line of text and
+                                        % top of first footnote.
+\floatsep 11pt plus 2pt minus 2pt       % Space between adjacent floats moved
+                                        % to top or bottom of text page.
+\textfloatsep 18pt plus 2pt minus 4pt   % Space between main text and floats
+                                        % at top or bottom of page.
+\intextsep 11pt plus 2pt minus 2pt      % Space between in-text figures and
+                                        % text.
+\@ifundefined{@maxsep}{\newdimen\@maxsep}{}% this is for LaTeX2e
+\@maxsep 18pt                           % The maximum of \floatsep,
+                                        % \textfloatsep and \intextsep (minus
+                                        % the stretch and shrink).
+\dblfloatsep 11pt plus 2pt minus 2pt    % Same as \floatsep for double-column
+                                        % figures in two-column mode.
+\dbltextfloatsep 18pt plus 2pt minus 4pt% \textfloatsep for double-column
+                                        % floats.
+\@ifundefined{@dblmaxsep}{\newdimen\@dblmaxsep}{}% this is for LaTeX2e
+\@dblmaxsep 18pt                        % The maximum of \dblfloatsep and
+                                        % \dbltexfloatsep.
+\@fptop 0pt plus 1fil    % Stretch at top of float page/column. (Must be
+                         % 0pt plus ...)
+\@fpsep 8pt plus 2fil    % Space between floats on float page/column.
+\@fpbot 0pt plus 1fil    % Stretch at bottom of float page/column. (Must be
+                         % 0pt plus ... )
+\@dblfptop 0pt plus 1fil % Stretch at top of float page. (Must be 0pt plus ...)
+\@dblfpsep 8pt plus 2fil % Space between floats on float page.
+\@dblfpbot 0pt plus 1fil % Stretch at bottom of float page. (Must be
+                         % 0pt plus ... )
+\marginparpush 5pt       % Minimum vertical separation between two marginal
+                         % notes.
+
+\parskip 0pt                % Extra vertical space between paragraphs.
+                    % Set to 0pt outside sections, to keep section heads
+                    % uniformly spaced.  The value of parskip is set
+                    % to leading value _within_ sections.
+                    % 12 Jan 2000 gkmt
+\parindent 0pt                % Width of paragraph indentation.
+\partopsep 2pt plus 1pt minus 1pt% Extra vertical space, in addition to
+                                 % \parskip and \topsep, added when user
+                                 % leaves blank line before environment.
+
+\@lowpenalty   51       % Produced by \nopagebreak[1] or \nolinebreak[1]
+\@medpenalty  151       % Produced by \nopagebreak[2] or \nolinebreak[2]
+\@highpenalty 301       % Produced by \nopagebreak[3] or \nolinebreak[3]
+
+\@beginparpenalty -\@lowpenalty % Before a list or paragraph environment.
+\@endparpenalty   -\@lowpenalty % After a list or paragraph environment.
+\@itempenalty     -\@lowpenalty % Between list items.
+
+%\@namedef{ds@10pt}{\@latexerr{The `10pt' option is not allowed in the `acmconf'
+\@namedef{ds@10pt}{\ClassError{The `10pt' option is not allowed in the `acmconf'	% January 2008
+  document style.}\@eha}
+%\@namedef{ds@11pt}{\@latexerr{The `11pt' option is not allowed in the `acmconf'
+\@namedef{ds@11pt}{\ClassError{The `11pt' option is not allowed in the `acmconf'	% January 2008
+  document style.}\@eha}
+%\@namedef{ds@12pt}{\@latexerr{The `12pt' option is not allowed in the `acmconf'
+\@namedef{ds@12pt}{\ClassError{The `12pt' option is not allowed in the `acmconf'	% January 2008
+  document style.}\@eha}
+
+\@options
+
+\lineskip 2pt           % \lineskip is 1pt for all font sizes.
+\normallineskip 2pt
+\def\baselinestretch{1}
+
+\abovedisplayskip 9pt plus2pt minus4.5pt%
+\belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+\abovedisplayshortskip  \z@ plus3pt%
+\belowdisplayshortskip  5.4pt plus3pt minus3pt%
+\let\@listi\@listI     % Setting of \@listi added 9 Jun 87
+
+\def\small{\@setsize\small{9pt}\viiipt\@viiipt
+\abovedisplayskip 7.6pt plus 3pt minus 4pt%
+\belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+\abovedisplayshortskip \z@ plus2pt%
+\belowdisplayshortskip 3.6pt plus2pt minus 2pt
+\def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini %% Added 22 Dec 87
+\topsep 4pt plus 2pt minus 2pt\parsep 2pt plus 1pt minus 1pt
+\itemsep \parsep}}
+
+\def\footnotesize{\@setsize\footnotesize{9pt}\ixpt\@ixpt
+\abovedisplayskip 6.4pt plus 2pt minus 4pt%
+\belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+\abovedisplayshortskip \z@ plus 1pt%
+\belowdisplayshortskip 2.7pt plus 1pt minus 2pt
+\def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini %% Added 22 Dec 87
+\topsep 3pt plus 1pt minus 1pt\parsep 2pt plus 1pt minus 1pt
+\itemsep \parsep}}
+
+\newcount\aucount
+\newcount\originalaucount
+\newdimen\auwidth
+\auwidth=\textwidth
+\newdimen\auskip
+\newcount\auskipcount
+\newdimen\auskip
+\global\auskip=1pc
+\newdimen\allauboxes
+\allauboxes=\auwidth
+\newtoks\addauthors
+\newcount\addauflag
+\global\addauflag=0 %Haven't shown additional authors yet
+
+\newtoks\subtitletext
+\gdef\subtitle#1{\subtitletext={#1}}
+
+\gdef\additionalauthors#1{\addauthors={#1}}
+
+\gdef\numberofauthors#1{\global\aucount=#1
+\ifnum\aucount>3\global\originalaucount=\aucount \global\aucount=3\fi %g}  % 3 OK - Gerry March 2007
+\global\auskipcount=\aucount\global\advance\auskipcount by 1
+\global\multiply\auskipcount by 2
+\global\multiply\auskip by \auskipcount
+\global\advance\auwidth by -\auskip
+\global\divide\auwidth by \aucount}
+
+% \and was modified to count the number of authors.  GKMT 12 Aug 1999
+\def\alignauthor{%                  % \begin{tabular}
+\end{tabular}%
+  \begin{tabular}[t]{p{\auwidth}}\centering}%
+
+
+%  *** NOTE *** NOTE *** NOTE *** NOTE ***
+%  If you have 'font problems' then you may need
+%  to change these, e.g. 'arialb' instead of "arialbd".
+%  Gerry Murray 11/11/1999
+%  *** OR ** comment out block A and activate block B or vice versa.
+% **********************************************
+%
+%  -- Start of block A -- (Type 1 or Truetype fonts)
+%\newfont{\secfnt}{timesbd at 12pt} % was timenrb originally - now is timesbd
+%\newfont{\secit}{timesbi at 12pt}   %13 Jan 00 gkmt
+%\newfont{\subsecfnt}{timesi at 11pt} % was timenrri originally - now is timesi
+%\newfont{\subsecit}{timesbi at 11pt} % 13 Jan 00 gkmt -- was times changed to timesbi gm 2/4/2000
+%                         % because "normal" is italic, "italic" is Roman
+%\newfont{\ttlfnt}{arialbd at 18pt} % was arialb originally - now is arialbd
+%\newfont{\ttlit}{arialbi at 18pt}    % 13 Jan 00 gkmt
+%\newfont{\subttlfnt}{arial at 14pt} % was arialr originally - now is arial
+%\newfont{\subttlit}{ariali at 14pt} % 13 Jan 00 gkmt
+%\newfont{\subttlbf}{arialbd at 14pt}  % 13 Jan 00 gkmt
+%\newfont{\aufnt}{arial at 12pt} % was arialr originally - now is arial
+%\newfont{\auit}{ariali at 12pt} % 13 Jan 00 gkmt
+%\newfont{\affaddr}{arial at 10pt} % was arialr originally - now is arial
+%\newfont{\affaddrit}{ariali at 10pt} %13 Jan 00 gkmt
+%\newfont{\eaddfnt}{arial at 12pt} % was arialr originally - now is arial
+%\newfont{\ixpt}{times at 9pt} % was timenrr originally - now is times
+%\newfont{\confname}{timesi at 8pt} % was timenrri - now is timesi
+%\newfont{\crnotice}{times at 8pt} % was timenrr originally - now is times
+%\newfont{\ninept}{times at 9pt} % was timenrr originally - now is times
+% *********************************************
+%  -- End of block A --
+%
+%
+% -- Start of block B -- UPDATED FONT NAMES
+% *********************************************
+% Gerry Murray 11/30/2006
+% *********************************************
+\newfont{\secfnt}{ptmb8t at 12pt}
+\newfont{\secit}{ptmbi8t at 12pt}    %13 Jan 00 gkmt
+\newfont{\subsecfnt}{ptmri8t at 11pt}
+\newfont{\subsecit}{ptmbi8t at 11pt}  % 
+\newfont{\ttlfnt}{phvb8t at 18pt}
+\newfont{\ttlit}{phvbo8t at 18pt}    % GM 2/4/2000
+\newfont{\subttlfnt}{phvr8t at 14pt}
+\newfont{\subttlit}{phvro8t at 14pt} % GM 2/4/2000
+\newfont{\subttlbf}{phvb8t at 14pt}  % 13 Jan 00 gkmt
+\newfont{\aufnt}{phvr8t at 12pt}
+\newfont{\auit}{phvro8t at 12pt}     % GM 2/4/2000
+\newfont{\affaddr}{phvr8t at 10pt}
+\newfont{\affaddrit}{phvro8t at 10pt} % GM 2/4/2000
+\newfont{\eaddfnt}{phvr8t at 12pt}
+\newfont{\ixpt}{ptmr8t at 9pt}
+\newfont{\confname}{ptmri8t at 8pt}
+\newfont{\crnotice}{ptmr8t at 8pt}
+\newfont{\ninept}{ptmr8t at 9pt}
+% +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+% -- End of block B --
+
+%\def\email#1{{{\eaddfnt{\vskip 4pt#1}}}}
+% If we have an email, inside a "shared affiliation" then we need the following instead
+\def\email#1{{{\eaddfnt{\par #1}}}}       % revised  - GM - 11/30/2006
+
+\def\addauthorsection{\ifnum\originalaucount>6  % was 3 - Gerry March 2007
+    \section{Additional Authors}\the\addauthors
+  \fi}
+
+\newcount\savesection
+\newcount\sectioncntr
+\global\sectioncntr=1
+
+\setcounter{secnumdepth}{3}
+
+\def\appendix{\par
+\section*{APPENDIX}
+\setcounter{section}{0}
+ \setcounter{subsection}{0}
+ \def\thesection{\Alph{section}} }
+
+
+\leftmargini 22.5pt
+\leftmarginii 19.8pt    % > \labelsep + width of '(m)'
+\leftmarginiii 16.8pt   % > \labelsep + width of 'vii.'
+\leftmarginiv 15.3pt    % > \labelsep + width of 'M.'
+\leftmarginv 9pt
+\leftmarginvi 9pt
+
+\leftmargin\leftmargini
+\labelsep 4.5pt
+\labelwidth\leftmargini\advance\labelwidth-\labelsep
+
+\def\@listI{\leftmargin\leftmargini \parsep 3.6pt plus 2pt minus 1pt%
+\topsep 7.2pt plus 2pt minus 4pt%
+\itemsep 3.6pt plus 2pt minus 1pt}
+
+\let\@listi\@listI
+\@listi
+
+\def\@listii{\leftmargin\leftmarginii
+   \labelwidth\leftmarginii\advance\labelwidth-\labelsep
+   \topsep 3.6pt plus 2pt minus 1pt
+   \parsep 1.8pt plus 0.9pt minus 0.9pt
+   \itemsep \parsep}
+
+\def\@listiii{\leftmargin\leftmarginiii
+    \labelwidth\leftmarginiii\advance\labelwidth-\labelsep
+    \topsep 1.8pt plus 0.9pt minus 0.9pt
+    \parsep \z@ \partopsep 1pt plus 0pt minus 1pt
+    \itemsep \topsep}
+
+\def\@listiv{\leftmargin\leftmarginiv
+     \labelwidth\leftmarginiv\advance\labelwidth-\labelsep}
+
+\def\@listv{\leftmargin\leftmarginv
+     \labelwidth\leftmarginv\advance\labelwidth-\labelsep}
+
+\def\@listvi{\leftmargin\leftmarginvi
+     \labelwidth\leftmarginvi\advance\labelwidth-\labelsep}
+
+\def\labelenumi{\theenumi.}
+\def\theenumi{\arabic{enumi}}
+
+\def\labelenumii{(\theenumii)}
+\def\theenumii{\alph{enumii}}
+\def\p@enumii{\theenumi}
+
+\def\labelenumiii{\theenumiii.}
+\def\theenumiii{\roman{enumiii}}
+\def\p@enumiii{\theenumi(\theenumii)}
+
+\def\labelenumiv{\theenumiv.}
+\def\theenumiv{\Alph{enumiv}}
+\def\p@enumiv{\p@enumiii\theenumiii}
+
+\def\labelitemi{$\bullet$}
+\def\labelitemii{\bf --}
+\def\labelitemiii{$\ast$}
+\def\labelitemiv{$\cdot$}
+
+\def\verse{\let\\=\@centercr
+  \list{}{\itemsep\z@ \itemindent -1.5em\listparindent \itemindent
+          \rightmargin\leftmargin\advance\leftmargin 1.5em}\item[]}
+\let\endverse\endlist
+
+\def\quotation{\list{}{\listparindent 1.5em
+    \itemindent\listparindent
+    \rightmargin\leftmargin \parsep 0pt plus 1pt}\item[]}
+\let\endquotation=\endlist
+
+\def\quote{\list{}{\rightmargin\leftmargin}\item[]}
+\let\endquote=\endlist
+
+\def\descriptionlabel#1{\hspace\labelsep \bf #1}
+\def\description{\list{}{\labelwidth\z@ \itemindent-\leftmargin
+       \let\makelabel\descriptionlabel}}
+
+\let\enddescription\endlist
+
+\def\theequation{\arabic{equation}}
+
+\arraycolsep 4.5pt   % Half the space between columns in an array environment.
+\tabcolsep 5.4pt     % Half the space between columns in a tabular environment.
+\arrayrulewidth .5pt % Width of rules in array and tabular environment. % (was .4) updated Gerry March 20 2007
+\doublerulesep 1.8pt % Space between adjacent rules in array or tabular env.
+
+\tabbingsep \labelsep   % Space used by the \' command.  (See LaTeX manual.)
+
+\skip\@mpfootins =\skip\footins
+
+\fboxsep =2.7pt      % Space left between box and text by \fbox and \framebox.
+\fboxrule =.5pt      % Width of rules in box made by \fbox and \framebox. % (was .4) updated Gerry March 20 2007
+
+\def\thepart{\Roman{part}} % Roman numeral part numbers.
+\def\thesection       {\arabic{section}}
+\def\thesubsection    {\thesection.\arabic{subsection}}
+%\def\thesubsubsection {\thesubsection.\arabic{subsubsection}} % GM 7/30/2002
+%\def\theparagraph     {\thesubsubsection.\arabic{paragraph}}  % GM 7/30/2002
+\def\thesubparagraph  {\theparagraph.\arabic{subparagraph}}
+
+\def\@pnumwidth{1.55em}
+\def\@tocrmarg {2.55em}
+\def\@dotsep{4.5}
+\setcounter{tocdepth}{3}
+
+%\def\tableofcontents{\@latexerr{\tableofcontents: Tables of contents are not
+%  allowed in the `acmconf' document style.}\@eha}
+
+\def\tableofcontents{\ClassError{%
+    \string\tableofcontents\space is not allowed in the `acmconf' document	% January 2008
+    style}\@eha}
+
+\def\l@part#1#2{\addpenalty{\@secpenalty}
+   \addvspace{2.25em plus 1pt}  % space above part line
+   \begingroup
+   \@tempdima 3em       % width of box holding part number, used by
+     \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@pnumwidth      %% \numberline
+     \parfillskip -\@pnumwidth
+     {\large \bf        % set line in \large boldface
+     \leavevmode        % TeX command to enter horizontal mode.
+     #1\hfil \hbox to\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}}\par
+     \nobreak           % Never break after part entry
+   \endgroup}
+
+\def\l@section#1#2{\addpenalty{\@secpenalty} % good place for page break
+   \addvspace{1.0em plus 1pt}   % space above toc entry
+   \@tempdima 1.5em             % width of box holding section number
+   \begingroup
+     \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@pnumwidth
+     \parfillskip -\@pnumwidth
+     \bf                        % Boldface.
+     \leavevmode                % TeX command to enter horizontal mode.
+      \advance\leftskip\@tempdima %% added 5 Feb 88 to conform to
+      \hskip -\leftskip           %% 25 Jan 88 change to \numberline
+     #1\nobreak\hfil \nobreak\hbox to\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}\par
+   \endgroup}
+
+
+\def\l@subsection{\@dottedtocline{2}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
+\def\l@subsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{3.8em}{3.2em}}
+\def\l@paragraph{\@dottedtocline{4}{7.0em}{4.1em}}
+\def\l@subparagraph{\@dottedtocline{5}{10em}{5em}}
+
+%\def\listoffigures{\@latexerr{\listoffigures: Lists of figures are not
+%  allowed in the `acmconf' document style.}\@eha}
+
+\def\listoffigures{\ClassError{%
+    \string\listoffigures\space is not allowed in the `acmconf' document	% January 2008
+    style}\@eha}
+
+\def\l@figure{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
+
+%\def\listoftables{\@latexerr{\listoftables: Lists of tables are not
+%  allowed in the `acmconf' document style.}\@eha}
+%\let\l@table\l@figure
+
+\def\listoftables{\ClassError{%
+    \string\listoftables\space is not allowed in the `acmconf' document		% January 2008
+    style}\@eha}
+ \let\l@table\l@figure
+
+\def\footnoterule{\kern-3\p@
+  \hrule width .5\columnwidth   % (was .4) updated Gerry March 20 2007
+  \kern 2.6\p@}                 % The \hrule has default height of .4pt % (was .4) updated Gerry March 20 2007
+% ------
+\long\def\@makefntext#1{\noindent 
+%\hbox to .5em{\hss$^{\@thefnmark}$}#1}   % original
+\hbox to .5em{\hss\textsuperscript{\@thefnmark}}#1}  % C. Clifton / GM Oct. 2nd. 2002
+% -------
+
+\long\def\@maketntext#1{\noindent
+#1}
+
+\long\def\@maketitlenotetext#1#2{\noindent
+            \hbox to 1.8em{\hss$^{#1}$}#2}
+
+\setcounter{topnumber}{2}
+\def\topfraction{.7}
+\setcounter{bottomnumber}{1}
+\def\bottomfraction{.3}
+\setcounter{totalnumber}{3}
+\def\textfraction{.2}
+\def\floatpagefraction{.5}
+\setcounter{dbltopnumber}{2}
+\def\dbltopfraction{.7}
+\def\dblfloatpagefraction{.5}
+
+\long\def\@makecaption#1#2{
+   \vskip \baselineskip
+   \setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{\textbf{#1: #2}}
+   \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa >\hsize % IF longer than one line:
+       \textbf{#1: #2}\par               %   THEN set as ordinary paragraph.
+     \else                      %   ELSE  center.
+       \hbox to\hsize{\hfil\box\@tempboxa\hfil}\par
+   \fi}
+
+\@ifundefined{figure}{\newcounter {figure}} % this is for LaTeX2e
+
+\def\fps@figure{tbp}
+\def\ftype@figure{1}
+\def\ext@figure{lof}
+\def\fnum@figure{Figure \thefigure}
+\def\figure{\@float{figure}}
+%\let\endfigure\end@float
+\def\endfigure{\end@float} 		% Gerry January 2008
+\@namedef{figure*}{\@dblfloat{figure}}
+\@namedef{endfigure*}{\end@dblfloat}
+
+\@ifundefined{table}{\newcounter {table}} % this is for LaTeX2e
+
+\def\fps@table{tbp}
+\def\ftype@table{2}
+\def\ext@table{lot}
+\def\fnum@table{Table \thetable}
+\def\table{\@float{table}}
+%\let\endtable\end@float
+\def\endtable{\end@float}		% Gerry January 2008
+\@namedef{table*}{\@dblfloat{table}}
+\@namedef{endtable*}{\end@dblfloat}
+
+\newtoks\titleboxnotes
+\newcount\titleboxnoteflag
+
+\def\maketitle{\par
+ \begingroup
+   \def\thefootnote{\fnsymbol{footnote}}
+   \def\@makefnmark{\hbox
+       to 0pt{$^{\@thefnmark}$\hss}}
+     \twocolumn[\@maketitle]
+\@thanks
+ \endgroup
+ \setcounter{footnote}{0}
+ \let\maketitle\relax
+ \let\@maketitle\relax
+ \gdef\@thanks{}\gdef\@author{}\gdef\@title{}\gdef\@subtitle{}\let\thanks\relax
+ \@copyrightspace}
+
+%% CHANGES ON NEXT LINES
+\newif\if@ll % to record which version of LaTeX is in use
+
+\expandafter\ifx\csname LaTeXe\endcsname\relax % LaTeX2.09 is used
+\else% LaTeX2e is used, so set ll to true
+\global\@lltrue
+\fi
+
+\if@ll
+  \NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}
+  \ProvidesClass{acm_proc_article-sp} [2009/04/22 - V3.2SP - based on esub2acm.sty <23 April 96>]
+  \RequirePackage{latexsym}% QUERY: are these two really needed?
+  \let\dooptions\ProcessOptions
+\else
+  \let\dooptions\@options
+\fi
+%% END CHANGES
+
+\def\@height{height}
+\def\@width{width}
+\def\@minus{minus}
+\def\@plus{plus}
+\def\hb@xt@{\hbox to}
+\newif\if@faircopy
+\@faircopyfalse
+\def\ds@faircopy{\@faircopytrue}
+
+\def\ds@preprint{\@faircopyfalse}
+
+\@twosidetrue
+\@mparswitchtrue
+\def\ds@draft{\overfullrule 5\p@}
+%% CHANGE ON NEXT LINE
+\dooptions
+
+\lineskip \p@
+\normallineskip \p@
+\def\baselinestretch{1}
+\def\@ptsize{0} %needed for amssymbols.sty
+
+%% CHANGES ON NEXT LINES
+\if@ll% allow use of old-style font change commands in LaTeX2e
+\@maxdepth\maxdepth
+%
+\DeclareOldFontCommand{\rm}{\ninept\rmfamily}{\mathrm}
+\DeclareOldFontCommand{\sf}{\normalfont\sffamily}{\mathsf}
+\DeclareOldFontCommand{\tt}{\normalfont\ttfamily}{\mathtt}
+\DeclareOldFontCommand{\bf}{\normalfont\bfseries}{\mathbf}
+\DeclareOldFontCommand{\it}{\normalfont\itshape}{\mathit}
+\DeclareOldFontCommand{\sl}{\normalfont\slshape}{\@nomath\sl}
+\DeclareOldFontCommand{\sc}{\normalfont\scshape}{\@nomath\sc}
+\DeclareRobustCommand*{\cal}{\@fontswitch{\relax}{\mathcal}}
+\DeclareRobustCommand*{\mit}{\@fontswitch{\relax}{\mathnormal}}
+\fi
+%
+\if@ll
+ \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{cmr}  % was 'ttm'
+% Note! I have also found 'mvr' to work ESPECIALLY well.
+% Gerry - October 1999
+% You may need to change your LV1times.fd file so that sc is
+% mapped to cmcsc - -for smallcaps -- that is if you decide
+% to change {cmr} to {times} above. (Not recommended)
+  \renewcommand{\@ptsize}{}
+  \renewcommand{\normalsize}{%
+    \@setfontsize\normalsize\@ixpt{10.5\p@}%\ninept%
+    \abovedisplayskip 6\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus\p@
+    \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+    \abovedisplayshortskip 6\p@ \@minus 3\p@
+    \belowdisplayshortskip 6\p@ \@minus 3\p@
+    \let\@listi\@listI
+  }
+\else
+  \def\@normalsize{%changed next to 9 from 10
+    \@setsize\normalsize{9\p@}\ixpt\@ixpt
+   \abovedisplayskip 6\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus\p@
+    \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+    \abovedisplayshortskip 6\p@ \@minus 3\p@
+    \belowdisplayshortskip 6\p@ \@minus 3\p@
+    \let\@listi\@listI
+  }%
+\fi
+\if@ll
+  \newcommand\scriptsize{\@setfontsize\scriptsize\@viipt{8\p@}}
+  \newcommand\tiny{\@setfontsize\tiny\@vpt{6\p@}}
+  \newcommand\large{\@setfontsize\large\@xiipt{14\p@}}
+  \newcommand\Large{\@setfontsize\Large\@xivpt{18\p@}}
+  \newcommand\LARGE{\@setfontsize\LARGE\@xviipt{20\p@}}
+  \newcommand\huge{\@setfontsize\huge\@xxpt{25\p@}}
+  \newcommand\Huge{\@setfontsize\Huge\@xxvpt{30\p@}}
+\else
+  \def\scriptsize{\@setsize\scriptsize{8\p@}\viipt\@viipt}
+  \def\tiny{\@setsize\tiny{6\p@}\vpt\@vpt}
+  \def\large{\@setsize\large{14\p@}\xiipt\@xiipt}
+  \def\Large{\@setsize\Large{18\p@}\xivpt\@xivpt}
+  \def\LARGE{\@setsize\LARGE{20\p@}\xviipt\@xviipt}
+  \def\huge{\@setsize\huge{25\p@}\xxpt\@xxpt}
+  \def\Huge{\@setsize\Huge{30\p@}\xxvpt\@xxvpt}
+\fi
+\normalsize
+
+% make aubox hsize/number of authors up to 3, less gutter
+% then showbox gutter showbox gutter showbox -- GKMT Aug 99
+\newbox\@acmtitlebox
+\def\@maketitle{\newpage
+ \null
+ \setbox\@acmtitlebox\vbox{%
+\baselineskip 20pt
+\vskip 2em                   % Vertical space above title.
+   \begin{center}
+    {\ttlfnt \@title\par}       % Title set in 18pt Helvetica (Arial) bold size.
+    \vskip 1.5em                % Vertical space after title.
+%This should be the subtitle.
+{\subttlfnt \the\subtitletext\par}\vskip 1.25em%\fi
+    {\baselineskip 16pt\aufnt   % each author set in \12 pt Arial, in a
+     \lineskip .5em             % tabular environment
+     \begin{tabular}[t]{c}\@author
+     \end{tabular}\par}
+    \vskip 1.5em               % Vertical space after author.
+   \end{center}}
+ \dimen0=\ht\@acmtitlebox
+ \advance\dimen0 by -12.75pc\relax % Increased space for title box -- KBT
+ \unvbox\@acmtitlebox
+ \ifdim\dimen0<0.0pt\relax\vskip-\dimen0\fi}
+
+
+\newcount\titlenotecount
+\global\titlenotecount=0
+\newtoks\tntoks
+\newtoks\tntokstwo
+\newtoks\tntoksthree
+\newtoks\tntoksfour
+\newtoks\tntoksfive
+
+\def\abstract{
+\ifnum\titlenotecount>0 % was =1
+    \insert\footins{%
+    \reset@font\footnotesize
+        \interlinepenalty\interfootnotelinepenalty
+        \splittopskip\footnotesep
+        \splitmaxdepth \dp\strutbox \floatingpenalty \@MM
+        \hsize\columnwidth \@parboxrestore
+        \protected@edef\@currentlabel{%
+        }%
+        \color@begingroup
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=1
+      \@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\ast$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoks\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=2
+      \@maketntext{%
+      \raisebox{4pt}{$\ast$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoks\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\dagger$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntokstwo\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=3
+      \@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\ast$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoks\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\dagger$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntokstwo\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\ddagger$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoksthree\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=4
+      \@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\ast$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoks\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\dagger$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntokstwo\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\ddagger$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoksthree\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\S$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoksfour\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=5
+      \@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\ast$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoks\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\dagger$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntokstwo\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\ddagger$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoksthree\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\S$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoksfour\par\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\@maketntext{%
+         \raisebox{4pt}{$\P$}\rule\z@\footnotesep\ignorespaces\the\tntoksfive\@finalstrut\strutbox}%
+\fi
+   \color@endgroup} %g}
+\fi
+\setcounter{footnote}{0}
+\section*{ABSTRACT}\normalsize %\the\parskip \the\baselineskip%\ninept
+}
+
+\def\endabstract{\if@twocolumn\else\endquotation\fi}
+
+\def\keywords{\if@twocolumn
+\section*{Keywords}
+\else \small
+\quotation
+\fi}
+
+% I've pulled the check for 2 cols, since proceedings are _always_
+% two-column  11 Jan 2000 gkmt
+\def\terms{%\if@twocolumn
+\section*{General Terms}
+%\else \small
+%\quotation\the\parskip
+%\fi}
+}
+
+% -- Classification needs to be a bit smart due to optionals - Gerry/Georgia November 2nd. 1999
+\newcount\catcount
+\global\catcount=1
+
+\def\category#1#2#3{%
+\ifnum\catcount=1
+\section*{Categories and Subject Descriptors}
+\advance\catcount by 1\else{\unskip; }\fi
+    \@ifnextchar [{\@category{#1}{#2}{#3}}{\@category{#1}{#2}{#3}[]}%
+}
+
+\def\@category#1#2#3[#4]{%
+    \begingroup
+        \let\and\relax
+            #1 [\textbf{#2}]%
+            \if!#4!%
+                \if!#3!\else : #3\fi
+            \else
+                :\space
+                \if!#3!\else #3\kern\z@---\hskip\z@\fi
+                \textit{#4}%
+            \fi
+    \endgroup
+}
+%
+
+%%% This section (written by KBT) handles the 1" box in the lower left
+%%% corner of the left column of the first page by creating a picture,
+%%% and inserting the predefined string at the bottom (with a negative
+%%% displacement to offset the space allocated for a non-existent
+%%% caption).
+%%%
+\newtoks\copyrightnotice
+\def\ftype@copyrightbox{8}
+\def\@copyrightspace{
+\@float{copyrightbox}[b]
+\begin{center}
+\setlength{\unitlength}{1pc}
+\begin{picture}(20,6) %Space for copyright notice
+\put(0,-0.95){\crnotice{\@toappear}}
+\end{picture}
+\end{center}
+\end@float}
+
+\def\@toappear{} % Default setting blank - commands below change this.
+\long\def\toappear#1{\def\@toappear{\parbox[b]{20pc}{\baselineskip 9pt#1}}}
+\def\toappearbox#1{\def\@toappear{\raisebox{5pt}{\framebox[20pc]{\parbox[b]{19pc}{#1}}}}}
+
+\newtoks\conf
+\newtoks\confinfo
+\def\conferenceinfo#1#2{\global\conf={#1}\global\confinfo{#2}}
+
+
+%\def\marginpar{\@latexerr{The \marginpar command is not allowed in the
+%  `acmconf' document style.}\@eha}
+
+\def\marginpar{\ClassError{%
+    \string\marginpar\space is not allowed in the `acmconf' document		% January 2008
+    style}\@eha}
+
+\mark{{}{}}     % Initializes TeX's marks
+
+\def\today{\ifcase\month\or
+  January\or February\or March\or April\or May\or June\or
+  July\or August\or September\or October\or November\or December\fi
+  \space\number\day, \number\year}
+
+\def\@begintheorem#1#2{%
+    \trivlist
+    \item[%
+        \hskip 10\p@
+        \hskip \labelsep
+        {{\sc #1}\hskip 5\p@\relax#2.}%
+    ]
+    \it
+}
+\def\@opargbegintheorem#1#2#3{%
+    \trivlist
+    \item[%
+        \hskip 10\p@
+        \hskip \labelsep
+        {\sc #1\ #2\             % This mod by Gerry to enumerate corollaries
+   \setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{(#3)}  % and bracket the 'corollary title'
+        \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa>\z@ % and retain the correct numbering of e.g. theorems
+            \hskip 5\p@\relax    % if they occur 'around' said corollaries.
+            \box\@tempboxa       % Gerry - Nov. 1999.
+        \fi.}%
+    ]
+    \it
+}
+\newif\if@qeded
+\global\@qededfalse
+
+% -- original
+%\def\proof{%
+%  \vspace{-\parskip} % GM July 2000 (for tighter spacing)
+%    \global\@qededfalse
+%    \@ifnextchar[{\@xproof}{\@proof}%
+%}
+% -- end of original
+
+% (JSS) Fix for vertical spacing bug - Gerry Murray July 30th. 2002
+\def\proof{%
+\vspace{-\lastskip}\vspace{-\parsep}\penalty-51%
+\global\@qededfalse
+\@ifnextchar[{\@xproof}{\@proof}%
+}
+
+\def\endproof{%
+    \if@qeded\else\qed\fi
+    \endtrivlist
+}
+\def\@proof{%
+    \trivlist
+    \item[%
+        \hskip 10\p@
+        \hskip \labelsep
+        {\sc Proof.}%
+    ]
+    \ignorespaces
+}
+\def\@xproof[#1]{%
+    \trivlist
+    \item[\hskip 10\p@\hskip \labelsep{\sc Proof #1.}]%
+    \ignorespaces
+}
+\def\qed{%
+    \unskip
+    \kern 10\p@
+    \begingroup
+        \unitlength\p@
+        \linethickness{.4\p@}%
+        \framebox(6,6){}%
+    \endgroup
+    \global\@qededtrue
+}
+
+\def\newdef#1#2{%
+    \expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
+        {\@definecounter{#1}%
+         \expandafter\xdef\csname the#1\endcsname{\@thmcounter{#1}}%
+         \global\@namedef{#1}{\@defthm{#1}{#2}}%
+         \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}%
+    }%
+}
+\def\@defthm#1#2{%
+    \refstepcounter{#1}%
+    \@ifnextchar[{\@ydefthm{#1}{#2}}{\@xdefthm{#1}{#2}}%
+}
+\def\@xdefthm#1#2{%
+    \@begindef{#2}{\csname the#1\endcsname}%
+    \ignorespaces
+}
+\def\@ydefthm#1#2[#3]{%
+    \trivlist
+    \item[%
+        \hskip 10\p@
+        \hskip \labelsep
+        {\it #2%
+%         \savebox\@tempboxa{#3}%
+         \saveb@x\@tempboxa{#3}%		% January 2008
+         \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa>\z@
+            \ \box\@tempboxa
+         \fi.%
+        }]%
+    \ignorespaces
+}
+\def\@begindef#1#2{%
+    \trivlist
+    \item[%
+        \hskip 10\p@
+        \hskip \labelsep
+        {\it #1\ \rm #2.}%
+    ]%
+}
+\def\theequation{\arabic{equation}}
+
+\newcounter{part}
+\newcounter{section}
+\newcounter{subsection}[section]
+\newcounter{subsubsection}[subsection]
+\newcounter{paragraph}[subsubsection]
+\def\thepart{\Roman{part}}
+\def\thesection{\arabic{section}}
+\def\thesubsection{\thesection.\arabic{subsection}}
+\def\thesubsubsection{\thesubsection.\arabic{subsubsection}} %removed \subsecfnt 29 July 2002 gkmt
+\def\theparagraph{\thesubsubsection.\arabic{paragraph}} %removed \subsecfnt 29 July 2002 gkmt
+
+\newif\if@uchead
+\@ucheadfalse
+
+%% CHANGES: NEW NOTE
+%% NOTE: OK to use old-style font commands below, since they were
+%% suitably redefined for LaTeX2e
+%% END CHANGES
+\setcounter{secnumdepth}{3}
+\def\part{%
+    \@startsection{part}{9}{\z@}{-10\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -2\p@}
+        {4\p@}{\normalsize\@ucheadtrue}%
+}
+
+% Rationale for changes made in next four definitions:
+% "Before skip" is made elastic to provide some give in setting columns (vs.
+% parskip, which is non-elastic to keep section headers "anchored" to their
+% subsequent text.
+%
+% "After skip" is minimized -- BUT setting it to 0pt resulted in run-in heads, despite
+% the documentation asserted only after-skip < 0pt would have result.
+%
+% Baselineskip added to style to ensure multi-line section titles, and section heads
+% followed by another section head rather than text, are decently spaced vertically.
+% 12 Jan 2000 gkmt
+\def\section{%
+    \@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}{-10\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -2\p@}%
+    {0.5pt}{\baselineskip=14pt\secfnt\@ucheadtrue}%
+}
+
+\def\subsection{%
+    \@startsection{subsection}{2}{\z@}{-10\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -2\p@}
+    {0.5pt}{\baselineskip=14pt\secfnt}%
+}
+\def\subsubsection{%
+    \@startsection{subsubsection}{3}{\z@}{-10\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -2\p@}%
+    {0.5pt}{\baselineskip=14pt\subsecfnt}%
+}
+
+%\def\paragraph{%
+%    \vskip 12pt\@startsection{paragraph}{3}{\z@}{6\p@ \@plus \p@}% original
+%    {-5\p@}{\subsecfnt}%
+%}
+%  If one wants sections, subsections and subsubsections numbered,
+%  but not paragraphs, one usually sets secnumepth to 3.
+%  For that, the "depth" of paragraphs must be given correctly
+%  in the definition (``4'' instead of ``3'' as second argument
+%  of @startsection):
+\def\paragraph{%
+    \vskip 12pt\@startsection{paragraph}{4}{\z@}{6\p@ \@plus \p@}%    % GM and Wolfgang May - 11/30/06
+    {-5\p@}{\subsecfnt}%
+}
+
+\let\@period=.
+\def\@startsection#1#2#3#4#5#6{%
+        \if@noskipsec  %gkmt, 11 aug 99
+        \global\let\@period\@empty
+        \leavevmode
+        \global\let\@period.%
+    \fi
+    \par
+    \@tempskipa #4\relax
+    \@afterindenttrue
+    \ifdim \@tempskipa <\z@
+        \@tempskipa -\@tempskipa
+        \@afterindentfalse
+    \fi
+    %\if@nobreak  11 Jan 00 gkmt
+        %\everypar{}
+    %\else
+        \addpenalty\@secpenalty
+        \addvspace\@tempskipa
+    %\fi
+    \parskip=0pt
+    \@ifstar
+        {\@ssect{#3}{#4}{#5}{#6}}
+        {\@dblarg{\@sect{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}{#5}{#6}}}%
+}
+
+
+\def\@ssect#1#2#3#4#5{%
+  \@tempskipa #3\relax
+  \ifdim \@tempskipa>\z@
+    \begingroup
+      #4{%
+        \@hangfrom{\hskip #1}%
+          \interlinepenalty \@M #5\@@par}%
+    \endgroup
+  \else
+    \def\@svsechd{#4{\hskip #1\relax #5}}%
+  \fi
+  \vskip -10.5pt  %gkmt, 7 jan 00 -- had been -14pt, now set to parskip
+  \@xsect{#3}\parskip=10.5pt} % within the starred section, parskip = leading 12 Jan 2000 gkmt
+
+
+\def\@sect#1#2#3#4#5#6[#7]#8{%
+    \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth
+        \let\@svsec\@empty
+    \else
+        \refstepcounter{#1}%
+        \edef\@svsec{%
+            \begingroup
+                %\ifnum#2>2 \noexpand\rm \fi % changed to next 29 July 2002 gkmt
+            \ifnum#2>2 \noexpand#6 \fi
+                \csname the#1\endcsname
+            \endgroup
+            \ifnum #2=1\relax .\fi
+            \hskip 1em
+        }%
+    \fi
+    \@tempskipa #5\relax
+    \ifdim \@tempskipa>\z@
+        \begingroup
+            #6\relax
+            \@hangfrom{\hskip #3\relax\@svsec}%
+            \begingroup
+                \interlinepenalty \@M
+                \if@uchead
+                    \uppercase{#8}%
+                \else
+                    #8%
+                \fi
+                \par
+            \endgroup
+        \endgroup
+        \csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
+        \vskip -10.5pt  % -14pt gkmt, 11 aug 99 -- changed to -\parskip 11 Jan 2000
+      \addcontentsline{toc}{#1}{%
+            \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth \else
+                \protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname}%
+            \fi
+            #7%
+        }%
+    \else
+        \def\@svsechd{%
+            #6%
+            \hskip #3\relax
+            \@svsec
+            \if@uchead
+                \uppercase{#8}%
+            \else
+                #8%
+            \fi
+            \csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
+            \addcontentsline{toc}{#1}{%
+                \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth \else
+                    \protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname}%
+                \fi
+                #7%
+            }%
+        }%
+    \fi
+    \@xsect{#5}\parskip=10.5pt% within the section, parskip = leading 12 Jan 2000 gkmt
+}
+\def\@xsect#1{%
+    \@tempskipa #1\relax
+    \ifdim \@tempskipa>\z@
+        \par
+        \nobreak
+        \vskip \@tempskipa
+        \@afterheading
+    \else
+        \global\@nobreakfalse
+        \global\@noskipsectrue
+        \everypar{%
+            \if@noskipsec
+                \global\@noskipsecfalse
+                \clubpenalty\@M
+                \hskip -\parindent
+                \begingroup
+                    \@svsechd
+                    \@period
+                \endgroup
+                \unskip
+                \@tempskipa #1\relax
+                \hskip -\@tempskipa
+            \else
+                \clubpenalty \@clubpenalty
+                \everypar{}%
+            \fi
+        }%
+    \fi
+    \ignorespaces
+}
+
+\def\@trivlist{%
+    \@topsepadd\topsep
+    \if@noskipsec
+        \global\let\@period\@empty
+        \leavevmode
+        \global\let\@period.%
+    \fi
+    \ifvmode
+        \advance\@topsepadd\partopsep
+    \else
+        \unskip
+        \par
+    \fi
+    \if@inlabel
+        \@noparitemtrue
+        \@noparlisttrue
+    \else
+        \@noparlistfalse
+        \@topsep\@topsepadd
+    \fi
+    \advance\@topsep \parskip
+    \leftskip\z@skip
+    \rightskip\@rightskip
+    \parfillskip\@flushglue
+    \@setpar{\if@newlist\else{\@@par}\fi}
+    \global\@newlisttrue
+    \@outerparskip\parskip
+}
+
+%%% Actually, 'abbrev' works just fine as the default - Gerry Feb. 2000
+%%% Bibliography style.
+
+\parindent 0pt
+\typeout{Using 'Abbrev' bibliography style}
+\newcommand\bibyear[2]{%
+    \unskip\quad\ignorespaces#1\unskip
+    \if#2..\quad \else \quad#2 \fi
+}
+\newcommand{\bibemph}[1]{{\em#1}}
+\newcommand{\bibemphic}[1]{{\em#1\/}}
+\newcommand{\bibsc}[1]{{\sc#1}}
+\def\@normalcite{%
+    \def\@cite##1##2{[##1\if@tempswa , ##2\fi]}%
+}
+\def\@citeNB{%
+    \def\@cite##1##2{##1\if@tempswa , ##2\fi}%
+}
+\def\@citeRB{%
+    \def\@cite##1##2{##1\if@tempswa , ##2\fi]}%
+}
+\def\start@cite#1#2{%
+    \edef\citeauthoryear##1##2##3{%
+        ###1%
+        \ifnum#2=\z@ \else\ ###2\fi
+    }%
+    \ifnum#1=\thr@@
+        \let\@@cite\@citeyear
+    \else
+        \let\@@cite\@citenormal
+    \fi
+    \@ifstar{\@citeNB\@@cite}{\@normalcite\@@cite}%
+}
+%\def\cite{\start@cite23}
+\DeclareRobustCommand\cite{\start@cite23}		% January 2008
+\def\citeNP{\cite*}					% No Parentheses e.g. 5
+%\def\citeA{\start@cite10}
+\DeclareRobustCommand\citeA{\start@cite10}		% January 2008
+\def\citeANP{\citeA*}
+%\def\shortcite{\start@cite23}				
+\DeclareRobustCommand\shortcite{\start@cite23}		% January 2008
+\def\shortciteNP{\shortcite*}
+%\def\shortciteA{\start@cite20}
+\DeclareRobustCommand\shortciteA{\start@cite20}		% January 2008
+\def\shortciteANP{\shortciteA*}
+%\def\citeyear{\start@cite30}
+\DeclareRobustCommand\citeyear{\start@cite30}		% January 2008
+\def\citeyearNP{\citeyear*}
+%\def\citeN{%
+\DeclareRobustCommand\citeN{%				% January 2008
+    \@citeRB
+    \def\citeauthoryear##1##2##3{##1\ [##3%
+        \def\reserved@a{##1}%
+        \def\citeauthoryear####1####2####3{%
+            \def\reserved@b{####1}%
+            \ifx\reserved@a\reserved@b
+                ####3%
+            \else
+                \errmessage{Package acmart Error: author mismatch
+                         in \string\citeN^^J^^J%
+                    See the acmart package documentation for explanation}%
+            \fi
+        }%
+    }%
+    \@ifstar\@citeyear\@citeyear
+}
+%\def\shortciteN{%
+\DeclareRobustCommand\shortciteN{%			% January 2008
+    \@citeRB
+    \def\citeauthoryear##1##2##3{##2\ [##3%
+        \def\reserved@a{##2}%
+        \def\citeauthoryear####1####2####3{%
+            \def\reserved@b{####2}%
+            \ifx\reserved@a\reserved@b
+                ####3%
+            \else
+                \errmessage{Package acmart Error: author mismatch
+                         in \string\shortciteN^^J^^J%
+                    See the acmart package documentation for explanation}%
+            \fi
+        }%
+    }%
+    \@ifstar\@citeyear\@citeyear % changed from  "\@ifstart" 12 Jan 2000 gkmt
+}
+
+\def\@citenormal{%
+    \@ifnextchar [{\@tempswatrue\@citex;}%
+% original                 {\@tempswafalse\@citex,[]}% was ; Gerry 2/24/00
+{\@tempswafalse\@citex[]}%  	% GERRY FIX FOR BABEL 3/20/2009
+}
+
+\def\@citeyear{%
+    \@ifnextchar [{\@tempswatrue\@citex,}%
+% original                  {\@tempswafalse\@citex,[]}%
+{\@tempswafalse\@citex[]}%	%  GERRY FIX FOR BABEL 3/20/2009
+}
+
+\def\@citex#1[#2]#3{%
+    \let\@citea\@empty
+    \@cite{%
+        \@for\@citeb:=#3\do{%
+            \@citea
+% original            \def\@citea{#1 }%
+            \def\@citea{#1, }% 	% GERRY FIX FOR BABEL 3/20/2009 -- SO THAT YOU GET [1, 2] IN THE BODY TEXT
+            \edef\@citeb{\expandafter\@iden\@citeb}%
+            \if@filesw
+                \immediate\write\@auxout{\string\citation{\@citeb}}%
+            \fi
+            \@ifundefined{b@\@citeb}{%
+                {\bf ?}%
+                \@warning{%
+                    Citation `\@citeb' on page \thepage\space undefined%
+                }%
+            }%
+            {\csname b@\@citeb\endcsname}%
+        }%
+    }{#2}%
+}
+%\let\@biblabel\@gobble   % Dec. 2008 - Gerry
+% ----
+\def\@biblabelnum#1{[#1]} % Gerry's solution #1 - for Natbib 
+\let\@biblabel=\@biblabelnum  % Gerry's solution #1 - for Natbib
+\def\newblock{\relax} % Gerry Dec. 2008
+% ---
+\newdimen\bibindent
+\setcounter{enumi}{1}
+\bibindent=0em
+\def\thebibliography#1{% 
+\ifnum\addauflag=0\addauthorsection\global\addauflag=1\fi
+     \section[References]{%    <=== OPTIONAL ARGUMENT ADDED HERE
+        {References} % was uppercased but this affects pdf bookmarks (SP/GM October 2004)
+         \@mkboth{{\refname}}{{\refname}}%
+     }%
+     \list{[\arabic{enumi}]}{%
+         \settowidth\labelwidth{[#1]}%
+         \leftmargin\labelwidth
+         \advance\leftmargin\labelsep
+         \advance\leftmargin\bibindent
+         \parsep=0pt\itemsep=1pt % GM July 2000
+         \itemindent -\bibindent
+         \listparindent \itemindent
+         \usecounter{enumi}
+     }%
+     \let\newblock\@empty
+     \raggedright % GM July 2000
+     \sloppy
+     \sfcode`\.=1000\relax
+}
+
+
+\gdef\balancecolumns
+{\vfill\eject
+\global\@colht=\textheight
+\global\ht\@cclv=\textheight
+}
+
+\newcount\colcntr
+\global\colcntr=0
+%\newbox\savebox
+\newbox\saveb@x				% January 2008
+
+\gdef \@makecol {%
+\global\advance\colcntr by 1
+\ifnum\colcntr>2 \global\colcntr=1\fi
+   \ifvoid\footins
+     \setbox\@outputbox \box\@cclv
+   \else
+     \setbox\@outputbox \vbox{%
+\boxmaxdepth \@maxdepth
+       \@tempdima\dp\@cclv
+       \unvbox \@cclv
+       \vskip-\@tempdima
+       \vskip \skip\footins
+       \color@begingroup
+         \normalcolor
+         \footnoterule
+         \unvbox \footins
+       \color@endgroup
+       }%
+   \fi
+   \xdef\@freelist{\@freelist\@midlist}%
+   \global \let \@midlist \@empty
+   \@combinefloats
+   \ifvbox\@kludgeins
+     \@makespecialcolbox
+   \else
+     \setbox\@outputbox \vbox to\@colht {%
+\@texttop
+       \dimen@ \dp\@outputbox
+       \unvbox \@outputbox
+   \vskip -\dimen@
+       \@textbottom
+       }%
+   \fi
+   \global \maxdepth \@maxdepth
+}
+\def\titlenote{\@ifnextchar[\@xtitlenote{\stepcounter\@mpfn
+\global\advance\titlenotecount by 1
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=1
+    \raisebox{9pt}{$\ast$}
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=2
+    \raisebox{9pt}{$\dagger$}
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=3
+    \raisebox{9pt}{$\ddagger$}
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=4
+\raisebox{9pt}{$\S$}
+\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=5
+\raisebox{9pt}{$\P$}
+\fi
+         \@titlenotetext
+}}
+
+\long\def\@titlenotetext#1{\insert\footins{%
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=1\global\tntoks={#1}\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=2\global\tntokstwo={#1}\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=3\global\tntoksthree={#1}\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=4\global\tntoksfour={#1}\fi
+\ifnum\titlenotecount=5\global\tntoksfive={#1}\fi
+    \reset@font\footnotesize
+    \interlinepenalty\interfootnotelinepenalty
+    \splittopskip\footnotesep
+    \splitmaxdepth \dp\strutbox \floatingpenalty \@MM
+    \hsize\columnwidth \@parboxrestore
+    \protected@edef\@currentlabel{%
+    }%
+    \color@begingroup
+   \color@endgroup}}
+
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
+\ps@plain
+\baselineskip=11pt
+\let\thepage\relax % For  NO page numbers - Gerry Nov. 30th. 1999
+\def\setpagenumber#1{\global\setcounter{page}{#1}}
+%\pagenumbering{arabic}  % Arabic page numbers but commented out for NO page numbes - Gerry Nov. 30th. 1999
+\twocolumn             % Double column.
+\flushbottom           % Even bottom -- alas, does not balance columns at end of document
+\pagestyle{plain}
+
+% Need Copyright Year and Copyright Data to be user definable (in .tex file).
+% Gerry Nov. 30th. 1999
+\newtoks\copyrtyr
+\newtoks\acmcopyr
+\newtoks\boilerplate
+\def\CopyrightYear#1{\global\copyrtyr{#1}}
+\def\crdata#1{\global\acmcopyr{#1}}
+\def\permission#1{\global\boilerplate{#1}}
+%
+\newtoks\copyrightetc
+\global\copyrightetc{\ } %  Need to have 'something' so that adequate space is left for pasting in a line if "confinfo" is supplied.
+
+\toappear{\the\boilerplate\par
+{\confname{\the\conf}} \the\confinfo\par \the\copyrightetc}
+% End of ACM_PROC_ARTICLE-SP.CLS -- V3.2SP - 04/22/2009 --
+% Gerry Murray -- Wednesday April 22nd. 2009
+%
+% The following section (i.e. 3 .sty inclusions) was added in May 2007 so as to fix the problems that many
+% authors were having with accents. Sometimes accents would occur, but the letter-character would be of a different
+% font. Conversely the letter-character font would be correct but, e.g. a 'bar' would appear superimposed on the
+% character instead of, say, an unlaut/diaresis. Sometimes the letter-character would NOT appear at all.
+% Using [T1]{fontenc} outright was not an option as this caused 99% of the authors to 'produce' a Type-3 (bitmapped)
+% PDF file - useless for production. 
+%
+% For proper (font) accenting we NEED these packages to be part of the .cls file i.e. 'ae', 'aecompl' and 'aeguil' 
+% ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+%% This is file `ae.sty' 
+\def\fileversion{1.3}
+\def\filedate{2001/02/12}
+\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}
+%\ProvidesPackage{ae}[\filedate\space\fileversion\space  % GM
+% Almost European Computer Modern]                       % GM - keeping the log file clean(er)
+\newif\if@ae@slides \@ae@slidesfalse
+\DeclareOption{slides}{\@ae@slidestrue}
+\ProcessOptions
+\fontfamily{aer}
+\RequirePackage[T1]{fontenc}
+\if@ae@slides
+    \renewcommand{\sfdefault}{laess}
+    \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{laess} % no roman
+    \renewcommand{\ttdefault}{laett}
+\else
+    \renewcommand{\sfdefault}{aess}
+    \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{aer}
+    \renewcommand{\ttdefault}{aett}
+\fi
+\endinput
+%% 
+%% End of file `ae.sty'.
+%
+%
+\def\fileversion{0.9}
+\def\filedate{1998/07/23}
+\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}
+%\ProvidesPackage{aecompl}[\filedate\space\fileversion\space   % GM
+%T1 Complements for AE fonts (D. Roegel)]                      % GM -- keeping the log file clean(er)
+ 
+\def\@ae@compl#1{{\fontencoding{T1}\fontfamily{cmr}\selectfont\symbol{#1}}}
+\def\guillemotleft{\@ae@compl{19}}
+\def\guillemotright{\@ae@compl{20}}
+\def\guilsinglleft{\@ae@compl{14}}
+\def\guilsinglright{\@ae@compl{15}}
+\def\TH{\@ae@compl{222}}
+\def\NG{\@ae@compl{141}}
+\def\ng{\@ae@compl{173}}
+\def\th{\@ae@compl{254}}
+\def\DJ{\@ae@compl{208}}
+\def\dj{\@ae@compl{158}}
+\def\DH{\@ae@compl{208}}
+\def\dh{\@ae@compl{240}}
+\def\@perthousandzero{\@ae@compl{24}}
+\def\textperthousand{\%\@perthousandzero}
+\def\textpertenthousand{\%\@perthousandzero\@perthousandzero}
+\endinput
+%
+%
+%% This is file `aeguill.sty' 
+% This file gives french guillemets (and not guillemots!)
+% built with the Polish CMR fonts (default), WNCYR fonts, the LASY fonts 
+% or with the EC fonts. 
+% This is useful in conjunction with the ae package
+% (this package loads the ae package in case it has not been loaded)
+%  and with or without the french(le) package.
+%
+% In order to get the guillemets, it is necessary to either type
+% \guillemotleft and \guillemotright, or to use an 8 bit encoding
+% (such as ISO-Latin1) which selects these two commands, 
+% or, if you use the french package (but not the frenchle package), 
+% to type << or >>.
+%
+% By default, you get the Polish CMR guillemets; if this package is loaded
+% with the `cm' option, you get the LASY guillemets; with `ec,' you
+% get the EC guillemets, and with `cyr,' you get the cyrillic guillemets.
+%
+% In verbatim mode, you always get the EC/TT guillemets.
+%
+% The default option is interesting in conjunction with PDF,
+% because there is a Type 1 version of the Polish CMR fonts
+% and these guillemets are very close in shape to the EC guillemets.
+% There are no free Type 1 versions of the EC fonts.
+%
+% Support for Polish CMR guillemets was kindly provided by 
+% Rolf Niepraschk <niepraschk@ptb.de> in version 0.99 (2000/05/22).
+% Bernd Raichle provided extensive simplifications to the code
+% for version 1.00.
+%
+% This package is released under the LPPL.
+%
+% Changes:
+%   Date        version
+%   2001/04/12  1.01    the frenchle and french package are now distinguished.
+%
+\def\fileversion{1.01}
+\def\filedate{2001/04/12}
+\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}
+%\ProvidesPackage{aeguill}[2001/04/12 1.01 %    % GM
+%AE fonts with french guillemets (D. Roegel)]   % GM - keeping the log file clean(er)
+%\RequirePackage{ae}  % GM May 2007 - already embedded here
+
+\newcommand{\@ae@switch}[4]{#4}
+\DeclareOption{ec}{\renewcommand\@ae@switch[4]{#1}}
+\DeclareOption{cm}{\renewcommand\@ae@switch[4]{#2}}
+\DeclareOption{cyr}{\renewcommand\@ae@switch[4]{#3}}
+\DeclareOption{pl}{\renewcommand\@ae@switch[4]{#4}}
+\ExecuteOptions{pl}
+\ProcessOptions
+
+%
+% Load necessary packages
+%
+\@ae@switch{% ec
+  % do nothing
+}{% cm
+  \RequirePackage{latexsym}%  GM - May 2007 - already 'mentioned as required' up above
+}{% cyr
+  \RequirePackage[OT2,T1]{fontenc}%
+}{% pl
+  \RequirePackage[OT4,T1]{fontenc}%
+}
+
+% The following command will be compared to \frenchname,
+% as defined in french.sty and frenchle.sty.
+\def\aeguillfrenchdefault{french}%
+
+\let\guill@verbatim@font\verbatim@font
+\def\verbatim@font{\guill@verbatim@font\ecguills{cmtt}%
+                   \let\guillemotleft\@oguills\let\guillemotright\@fguills}
+
+\begingroup \catcode`\<=13 \catcode`\>=13
+\def\x{\endgroup
+ \def\ae@lfguill{<<}%
+ \def\ae@rfguill{>>}%
+}\x
+
+\newcommand{\ecguills}[1]{%
+  \def\selectguillfont{\fontencoding{T1}\fontfamily{#1}\selectfont}%
+  \def\@oguills{{\selectguillfont\symbol{19}}}%
+  \def\@fguills{{\selectguillfont\symbol{20}}}%
+  } 
+
+\newcommand{\aeguills}{%
+  \ae@guills
+  % We redefine \guillemotleft and \guillemotright
+  % in order to catch them when they are used 
+  % with \DeclareInputText (in latin1.def for instance)
+  % We use \auxWARNINGi as a safe indicator that french.sty is used.
+  \gdef\guillemotleft{\ifx\auxWARNINGi\undefined
+                         \@oguills % neither french.sty nor frenchle.sty
+                      \else
+                         \ifx\aeguillfrenchdefault\frenchname
+                           \ae@lfguill  % french.sty
+                         \else
+                           \@oguills    % frenchle.sty
+                         \fi
+                      \fi}%
+  \gdef\guillemotright{\ifx\auxWARNINGi\undefined
+                         \@fguills % neither french.sty nor frenchle.sty
+                       \else
+                         \ifx\aeguillfrenchdefault\frenchname
+                           \ae@rfguill  % french.sty
+                         \else
+                           \@fguills    % frenchle.sty
+                         \fi
+                       \fi}%
+  }
+
+%
+% Depending on the class option
+% define the internal command \ae@guills
+\@ae@switch{% ec
+  \newcommand{\ae@guills}{%
+    \ecguills{cmr}}%
+}{% cm
+  \newcommand{\ae@guills}{%
+    \def\selectguillfont{\fontencoding{U}\fontfamily{lasy}%
+            \fontseries{m}\fontshape{n}\selectfont}%
+    \def\@oguills{\leavevmode\nobreak
+                \hbox{\selectguillfont (\kern-.20em(\kern.20em}\nobreak}%
+    \def\@fguills{\leavevmode\nobreak
+                \hbox{\selectguillfont \kern.20em)\kern-.2em)}%
+                \ifdim\fontdimen\@ne\font>\z@\/\fi}}%
+}{% cyr
+  \newcommand{\ae@guills}{%
+    \def\selectguillfont{\fontencoding{OT2}\fontfamily{wncyr}\selectfont}%
+    \def\@oguills{{\selectguillfont\symbol{60}}}%
+    \def\@fguills{{\selectguillfont\symbol{62}}}}
+}{% pl
+  \newcommand{\ae@guills}{%
+    \def\selectguillfont{\fontencoding{OT4}\fontfamily{cmr}\selectfont}%
+    \def\@oguills{{\selectguillfont\symbol{174}}}%
+    \def\@fguills{{\selectguillfont\symbol{175}}}}
+}
+
+
+\AtBeginDocument{%
+  \ifx\GOfrench\undefined
+    \aeguills
+  \else
+    \let\aeguill@GOfrench\GOfrench
+    \gdef\GOfrench{\aeguill@GOfrench \aeguills}%
+  \fi
+  }
+
+\endinput
+%
+
+