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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
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<!DOCTYPE concept PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DITA Concept//EN"
<concept id="cencoding" xml:lang="en-us">
<title>File Encoding</title>
<keywords><indexterm>character encoding<indexterm>location in files</indexterm></indexterm>
<indexterm>JSP files<indexterm>character encoding</indexterm></indexterm>
<indexterm>XHTML<indexterm>character encoding</indexterm></indexterm>
<indexterm>XML<indexterm>character encoding</indexterm></indexterm>
<p> The character encoding in XML, (X)HTML files, and JSP files can be specified
and invoked in many different ways; however, we recommend that you specify
the encoding in each one of your source files, for that is where many XML,
HTML, JSP editors expect to find the encoding.</p>
<p>For example, for JSP files, you might use the pageEncoding attribute and/or
the contentType attribute in the page directive, as shown in the following
example:<codeblock>&lt;%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"
<p>For XML files, you might use the encoding pseudo-attribute in the xml declaration
at the start of a document or the text declaration at the start of an entity,
as in the following example: <codeblock>&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1" ?></codeblock></p>
<p>For (X)HTML files, you might use the &lt;meta&gt; tag inside the &lt;head&gt;
tags, as shown in the following example:<codeblock>&lt;meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8" /></codeblock></p>